Asian Places Demonstrating Extreme Weather
Asia is the home to one of the biggest regional diversity. There is every type of weather conditions that take place in Asia. The weather conditions in Asia are also distinct at different places at the different times of the year. The continent has the Pacific and the Indian ocean on one side and the mountain ranges on other side. On the western part are the mountains and the eastern is the sea again. The climate of Asia in general is wet on the south eastern parts and arid in the western part. Some of the extreme weather conditions experienced in Asia are:
The Himalayan mountains stretch for about 2,500 kilometers and the areas in and around them face extremely harsh winters. The temperatures are in negative and there is no or very sparse population present in those areas. The higher or the outer Himalayas are especially cold and no vegetation or flora and fauna is present in these regions. As we come a little lower to the middle and the lower Himalayas, there we see some inhabitants and animals.
The people in the Himalayan regions migrate to the lower areas during the winters to save them from the cold. The Tien Shan stretches from Kyrgyzstan to China. Another high mountain range is the Ural Mountains that run from Russia to Kazakhstan. Both these mountain ranges are excessively cold and due to the snowfall in the winters get even colder.
Apart from these mountains the Gobi desert also faces some harsh winters. The desert is a cold desert so, sometime it snows dropping down the temperature to -40 degrees in the winters
There is a variety of flora and fauna in this region that has somehow survived these harsh conditions.
The average temperature in Siberia in the winters is below -4 degrees. When we move to the areas near the Verkhoyansk, the temperature reaches up to -50 degree Celsius.
The summers are not as harsh in the mountainous areas as the winters but, in the Desert the scene is totally different. The Gobi Desert is the largest desert in Asia and it faces the harshest summers and winters.The temperature during summers reaches to over 45 degree Celsius. This dries out all sorts of water bodies.The climate is excessively extreme meaning the temperature can rise to the peak and drop to a difference of 35 degrees in 24 hours.
Another dessert is the Thar desert which is a subtropical desert and is located between India and Pakistan. Since it’s a tropical desert it receives some rainfall annually hence there is more population density in comparison to the other deserts.
Most of the tropical parts also face hotter climates in the summers and there is a huge humidity issue but it is still bearable.
The highest temperature is experienced in July in the Mesopotamian region and Arabian Peninsula. It reaches to over 40 degree Celsius.
Monsoons are quite predictable in the continent but sometimes they bring, more than necessary rainfall causing many disasters like floods, cloudbursts and landslides killing a lot of people. The monsoons in some places like India accounts for the 80% of the annual rainfall and is very important for the crop production. Sometimes the rain happens more than the required amounts causing floods in places and leading to the loss of lives and goods. The cyclones are another phenomenon that happen due to the high winds blowing the monsoons and might lead to even more destructions. The annual rainfall is about 2000mm each year and Cherrapunji in India faces the most rainfall of about 22,900 mm every year.